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Italy’s Mounting Attack on Lesbian Parents

In January, Italy’s right-wing authorities ordered state companies to stop registration of youngsters born to same-sex {couples}. Now they’ve taken it a step additional: a state prosecutor in northern Italy has ordered the cancellation and re-issuance of 33 beginning certificates of lesbian {couples}’ youngsters, endangering entry to medical care and schooling.  

Non-gestational moms are receiving letters informing them that they’re being retroactively faraway from their youngsters’s beginning certificates. New beginning certificates are being issued itemizing the identify of solely one of many kid’s moms. 

In February, Human Rights Watch launched the primary international report on violence and discrimination in opposition to lesbian, bisexual, and queer (LBQ+) ladies, which discovered entry to fertility remedy and the rights of non-gestational lesbian moms have been two of the highest issues for LBQ+ activists throughout 26 international locations. In January 2022, a United States court docket eliminated lesbian mom Kris Williams from her kid’s beginning certificates, changing it with the identify of the sperm donor, who petitioned for custody. In December 2022, a Japanese draft legislation proposed prohibiting docs from offering fertility remedy to any girl not married to a person. 

In Italy, lesbian {couples} can not entry fertility remedy, same-sex {couples} can not marry, and the legislation doesn’t explicitly regulate whether or not same-sex mother and father can each be registered. Many lesbian {couples} go overseas for fertility remedy and even to present beginning, then deliver dwelling their kid’s beginning certificates for registration with the native municipality. Italy’s current strikes assault this already costly, precarious, and tough path to authorized parenthood. 

In interviews I performed for the 2023 investigation, queer ladies’s issues about parental rights usually outdated hallmark LGBT rights points, like marriage equality or the decriminalization of same-sex conduct. Lesbians need to create and shield their households, no matter if, when, and the way the federal government decriminalizes their lives and acknowledges their relationships.  

The proper to create a household is enshrined within the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and the European Convention on Human Rights – all of which Italy has ratified.  

Italy ought to instantly reinstate the ladies faraway from their youngsters’s beginning certificates and drop its ban on the registration of youngsters born to same-sex {couples}. Authorities ought to move inclusive parental recognition payments that explicitly acknowledge the authorized parenthood of non-gestational lesbian mother and father. 

Source: Human Rights Watch